Judson Jay Scott

Berntsen Masterclass

Neal Berntsen
I recently had the pleasure of attending a masterclass and recital by Neal Berntsen, trumpeter with the Pittsburg Symphony and Puget Sound alum. Neal was personable, warm and pleasant throughout as well as informative and interesting. He interspersed his performing among working with students and answering questions which kept the audience fully engaged throughout the 90 minutes.

If you have attended a masterclass it should be no surprise that he stressed good use of air in a relaxed approach as the foundation of technique. Uniquely though, he was able to get students to immediately employ his techniques for a dramatic improvement in tone. He stressed straight air with the idea that louder dynamics are further away.

Neal exhorted the students to increase their dynamic range in novel way. The musician sees the notation of the dynamic, feels the process of making the dynamic and finally hears the dynamic. The performer experiences dynamics in three distinct ways, the audience only gets to hear the dynamic so performers must exaggerate by two thirds.

He offers many of the points he made on his website through his warm up called Rituals http://nealberntsen.com/teaching-aids/ .

“Good playing is the result of a relaxed, efficient airflow. Conversely; bad tone, missed notes, unclear articulation and poor intonation are often the result of body tension, which results in a restricted airflow. More specifically: a restriction in the release of a phrase’s first note. This concept is one of the fundamentals of the Cichowicz philosophy. Over time it became clear to me that in order to play consistently at a high level, I needed to create a path that would lead me to a relaxed, efficient airflow on a daily basis.

Most successful brass players have a daily routine. Ideally, your routine contains the fundamental tools to maintain all aspects of playing. I recommend that student’s morning practice (or routine) contain fundamentals and focus on how (technical aspects) they play. Later in the day, practice repertoire (solos, etudes, excerpts etc.) and focus on what (phrasing, musical aspects) is being played.”

His students at Carnegie Mellon are lucky to have such a dedicated educator.

Concerts spring 2020

7:00pm, Saturday, January 25: Mozart, Mendelssohn and More, Northwest Sinfonietta, Mozart - Rialto Theater, Tacoma
2:00pm, Sunday, January 2: Mozart Mendelssohn and More, Northwest Sinfonietta - Pioneer Pavilion, Puyallup
7:00pm, Saturday, February 1: Teleman, Göttlichs Kind, Blessed Sacrament Parish Orchestra - Seattle
7:00pm, Friday, February 7: Stark, Beethoven and Rachmaninoff, Northwest Symphony Orchestra - Highland Performing Arts Center, Burien
9:00 & 11:00am, Sunday, February 9: Brass Band Northwest - Bellevue Presbyterian Church services
2:00pm, Saturday, February 22: Through the Glass, North Corner Chamber Orchestra - Youngstown Cultural Arts Center, Seattle
7:00pm, Sunday, February 23: Through the Glass, North Corner Chamber Orchestra -Town Hall, Seattle
7:00pm, Saturday, February 22: Beethoven's Eroica, Symphony Tacoma - Pantages Theater, Tacoma
10:00am, Monday, March 2: Education Concert, Lake Washington Symphony Orchestra - Westminster Chapel, Bellevue
CANCELLED 7:00pm, Saturday, March 7: Brass Band Northwest - Northwest Brass Festival, First Free Methodist Church
CANCELLED 8:00pm, Sunday, March 14: Swan Song, Seattle Choral Company - First Free Methodist Church
CANCELLED 9:00 & 11:00am, Sunday, March 22: Brass Band Northwest - Bellevue Presbyterian Church services
CANCELLED 2:30, Sunday, March 29: Images in Brass, Brass Band Northwest - Bellevue Presbyterian Church
CANCELLED 7:00pm, Saturday, April 4: Brass Band Northwest - Trilogy, Redmond
CANCELLED 9:00 & 11:00am, Sunday, April 19: Brass Band Northwest - Bellevue Presbyterian Church services
CANCELLED 2:30, Sunday, May 30: Within Blue Empires Brass Band Northwest - Bellevue Presbyterian Church
CANCELLED 11:30, Saturday, July 4: 4th of July Celebration, Brass Band Northwest - Yarrow Point
CANCELLED 5:30pm, Tuesday, July 7: Hops and Pops, Brass Band Northwest - Lagunitas Brewery, Ballard

Golf's lesons for Musicians by Scott Moore

Scott Moore and I were at New England Conservatory together. He is principal trumpet in the Memphis Symphony Orchestra and is an avid golfer. He has a clear perspective on the skill set needed to master golf and trumpet.


After five days straight of watching the greatest golfers in the world at the WGC FedEx-St Jude Invitational Golf Tournament, I have learned a lot, and have been newly inspired.

But not like you'd think.

Most people ask if watching them helps me with my golf game. I suppose that it's good to be reminded that pros miss short putts too, but the game they play is so different from the one I play that I would be delusional to try to emulate those guys on the golf course.

Where I CAN emulate them is in what I do best: playing the trumpet. Most upper-level professional golfers have routines and performance characteristics that transfer very well to trumpet playing and music performance in general.

DAILY EMPHASIS ON FUNDAMENTALS: Every pro on the driving range begins by working on alignment, grip, posture, stance, swing plane, etc., assisted by alignment aids and the best technology available. It's a fantastic reminder that fundamentals are not something to be learned and then checked off of a to-do list—they are a daily endeavor. And that we should monitor our routine and progress with some of the myriad of technological tools available to musicians.

PRACTICE WITH A PURPOSE: Pros work through their entire golf bag, hitting several different types of shots with each club, so they are prepared for every type of shot they will have to hit on the golf course. They do not avoid the things they are uncomfortable with, but rather work to turn their weaknesses into strengths.

HIT THE SWEET SPOT: There is an unmistakable difference in the sound of a professional hitting a golf ball. When the sweet spot of a club makes contact with the golf ball, the ball goes farther and straighter with less effort. Likewise, in all musical instruments, there is a sweet spot, where the instrument naturally is more resonant and lively. When we consistently hit that spot, we achieve a more beautiful, resonant, projecting tone with less effort.

VISUALIZE SUCCESS: Before every shot, pros stand behind the ball and "see" the shot they are about to make in their mind. They envision the flight of the ball and its landing area. They are skilled at thinking about what can go right, and eliminating thoughts about what can go wrong. How can we play something beautifully if we do not first hear it that way in our heads?

PLAY SMART: Pros always have a plan. They know where to aim their shot, in order to have a good angle on their next shot. They never take unnecessary risks. They are always thinking ahead, never behind.

ATTENTION TO DETAIL: Pros factor in every conceivable variable before hitting a shot: the exact distance, the wind, the temperature, the grain of the grass, the lie from which they will make their shot, etc. Musicians have so much information available to us in the way of dynamics, articulation, note length, etc. Too often, those details are not given the full attention that the music deserves.

DO NOT LET MISTAKES DERAIL YOU: Every single pro makes mistakes. But the worst outbursts of temper I saw were nothing compared to those I see from amateurs on public golf courses on a regular basis (yours truly included). For the pros, a missed putt can cost them tens of thousands of dollars. So what do I have to get angry about? Pros will be momentarily irritated, then immediately begin thinking of their next shot. Their ability to remain focused despite having made a huge mistake, or getting a bad break, is awe-inspiring. How many musical performances have gone downhill quickly when a musician gets angry at a mistake, and then mistakes begin coming in faster and faster? This ability to remain unflappable is also related to:

DO NOT LET YOUR SUCCESSES DESTROY YOUR FOCUS: Even after making an amazing shot or draining a long birdie putt, pros will respond to the crowd with a brief hat tip or wave of the hand. They are already thinking about the next hole, and the shot they will hit from the tee box. As trumpet players say, "The hardest note is the one after the high note." Loss of focus is deadly.

GOLF IS HARD: no need to explain the similarity here.

Concerts Fall 2019

8:00pm, Thursday, August 8: East Coast Meets West - solo recital with Peter Nelson-King, piano, vocal
5:30 & 7:30pm, Thursday, August 15: Choral Mass with Blessed Sacrament Choir and Sackbuts
6:00pm, Friday, August 16: SYSO Faculty Concert, Sammamish
6:00pm, Saturday, September 7: Slavic Chorale at Crossroads Mall
5:30pm, Sunday, September 8: Mozart - Missa Brevis with Blessed Sacrament Parish Baroque Orchestra
4:00pm, Saturday, September 14: Brass Band Northwest at Old Town Park, Tacoma
7:00pm, Friday, October 4: Vivaldi - Dixit Dominus with Blessed Sacrament Parish Baroque Orchestra
3:00pm, Saturday, October 5: Brass Band Northwest at St. Peter's Methodists Church, Bellevue
7:30pm, Saturday, October 12: Northwest Sinfonietta at Rialto Theater, Tacoma
2:00pm, Sunday, October 13: Northwest Sinfonietta at Pioneer Park Pavilion, Puyallup
7:30pm, Saturday, October 19: Symphony Tacoma at Pantages Theater, Tacoma
2:30pm, Sunday, October 20: Brass Band Northwest at Bellevue Presbyterian Church
10:30am, Saturday, October 26: Halloween with the Lake Washington Symphony Orchestra
5:45pm, Sunday, November 3: M. Haydn - Missa Sancti Gabrielis with Blessed Sacrament Parish Baroque Orchestra, Seattle
8:00pm, Saturday, November 9: Mozart - Requiem with PLU Choral Union at Lagerquist Concert Hall, PLU, Tacoma
3:00pm, Sunday, November 10: Pacific Coast Brass recital at Peninsula College, Port Angelas, WA
7:30pm, Friday, November 22: Messiah with Blessed Sacrament Parish Baroque Orchestra, Seattle
8:00pm, Saturday, November 30: Bach - Magnificat with Seattle Baroque Orchestra, Seattle
10:00am, Saturday, December 7: Nutcracker with Emerald City Ballet, Shoreline
2:00pm, Saturday, December 7: Nutcracker with Emerald City Ballet, Shoreline
2:00pm, Sunday, December 8: Nutcracker with Emerald City Ballet, Shoreline
7:00pm, Tuesday, December 10: Brass Band Northwest at Bellevue Presbyterian Church, Bellevue
2:00pm, Saturday, December 13: Nutcracker with Emerald City Ballet, Shoreline
2:00pm, Sunday, December 14: Nutcracker with Emerald City Ballet, Shoreline
7:30pm, Saturday, December 21: Sonatas by Purcell and Torelli with Northwest Sinfonietta at Courthouse Square Ballroom, Tacoma
7:30pm, Sunday, December 22: Sonatas by Purcell and Torelli with Northwest Sinfonietta at Vashon Island Performing Arts Center, Vashon
2:00pm, Sunday, December 29: Sonatas by Purcell and Torelli with Northwest Sinfonietta at Pioneer Park Pavilion, Puyallup

Chris Gekker's Summer Practice Routine

When the dog days of summer hit, Chris Gekker's routine will keep your chops in shape when it is easy to let it all slide.

Summer is a good time to reconnect with our most basic practice. Practicing the basics can be interpreted many different ways – here is one approach that works well. You will need four books:
•. Herbert L. Clarke: Technical Studies
•. Schlossberg: Daily Drills
•. Arban: Grand Method
•. Sachse: 100 Etudes

Start with the Clarke
These can be done effectively many different ways, but this time let’s do them just as Clarke intended: start each study in the lowest possible key, very very soft. The idea is to become adept at an extremely relaxed, economical way of playing. We must have a very secure, efficient sense of air support, and a pliant, flexible aperture supported by a strong, stable embouchure. Though we will sometimes ascend to some of our highest notes, in general our playing should be very “conversational” – a good image to keep is of a very well tuned car engine, that can idle so quietly that the driver is not aware that the car is running. For the most part you will be playing softer than you would normally do in performance, so do not be too concerned with your tone quality – you are “tuning your engine,” connecting with your instrument on an extremely relaxed level.

Do one study a day. This makes a very nice eight-day cycle, where we hit our fundamentals every day within the framework of varying demands.

No. 1 – At least eight times in one breath. Whisper soft. Once you are in the middle register, legato tongue a few of them (four times through when tonguing).

No. 2 – Each one twice, at first. Stop where Clarke stops, don’t continue into the high register (this is meant to be an “easy” day). After you are very comfortable with these drills, go through each one four times: slurred, single tongue, K tongue, and double tongue – and keep the tempo the same throughout.

No. 3 – Each one twice. Work in some tonguing after you learn the patterns. Keep striving to be able to play these softly.

No. 4 – Play using the same approach as No. 3.

No. 5 – On this one we can open up dynamically as we ascend to the highest notes. Keep as much of it as “conversational” as possible. For now, skip the scale exercises 99-116.

No. 6 – Play these just as written, so the tongued arpeggios at the end are in contrast to the slurred material.

No. 7 – Again, work in some tonguing as you get comfortable technically. Stay as soft as possible. For now, skip the arpeggio exercises 151-169.

No. 8 – Play using the same approach as No. 7.
On your first few cycles, omit the etudes at the end of each study. After the studies are fairly well learned, start to learn them. I usually tongue the etude after going through the studies where I use a mixture of slurring and legato tonguing. Clarke recommends a fair amount of multiple tonguing practice – I prefer to stick to legato single tonguing, except for the drill on the Second Study.

Next come the Schlossberg Daily Drills
I like to set up a shorter cycle for these – here is a good three-day routine. With Schlossberg, we’ll use our metronomes and will try to keep in mind James Stamp’s advice, to “think down when going up, and up when going down.” Really listen to your sound on these, but remember what Arnold Jacobs has taught: do not be obsessed with how you sound; rather, play to an ideal tonal concept that hopefully you are continually cultivating internally.

Day 1
No. 9 Quarter = 40 Rest at the end of each line. Play mezzo forte throughout
No. 17 Half = 60 Full sound, very well projected. Marcato, but no short notes
No. 25 Quarter = 120 Fast and light, very soft, single tongue throughout
No. 32 Quarter = 120 Tongue the downbeat of each measure. Dolce, but full sound
No. 72 Quarter = 80 mp to mf, single tongue throughout, nice and crisp
No. 116 Quarter = 96 Done as one, crisp and clear
No. 117 Quarter = 96 Crisp and clear.

Day 2
No. 10 Quarter = 40 Follow Schlossberg’s dynamics. Rest a bit at the double bars.
No. 18 Quarter = 80 Legato tongue every note, very soft.
No. 30 Quarter = 60 Very full, well projected, as exciting as possible.
No. 63 Eighth = 120 Mf, alternate between slurred and legato tongue
No. 76 Quarter = 60 Very strong, marcato.
No. 93 Quarter = 80 Rest between each one, very full and strong.
No. 118 Quarter = 96 Crisp and clear.

Day 3
No. 13 Quarter = 40 Think “up” as you go “down” – do not telegraph your slurs.
No. 20 Half = 60 Legato tongue, singing sound.
No. 64 Quarter = 60 mf, alternate between slurred and legato tongue
No. 78 Eighth = 96 Very strong, marcato.
No. 82 Quarter = 80 Rest between each one, very full and strong
No. 99 Quarter = 80 Crisp and well projected.
No. 100 Quarter = 80 Same as No. 99.
No. 119 Quarter = 96 Same dynamic throughout, somewhere between p and mf, all in one breath.

Now it’s time for etudes
After you’ve rested a while, turn to the 14 Characteristic Etudes in the Arban Grand Method. Aim for one a day – it takes two weeks to get through them. For the first two cycles through I like to use a practice routine adapted from Claude Gordon. It will take 20-30 minutes to go through each etude, but they will mostly be learned in one day. Don’t use the metronome a lot on these, just occasionally after they’ve been learned, to experience at least some of each etude at Arban’s tempos. The language of this music requires a kind of flexibility that rules out using a metronome throughout.

Here is the version of Claude Gordon’s method. We’ll start with No. 1. Play the last four measures four times. Move four measures further toward the beginning, and do those four times. Then play the last eight measures to the end. Go to twelve measures before the end, and do those four measures four times, followed by the last twelve measures to the end. Keep working to the beginning of the etude, doing four reps of each four bar segment, followed by a run to the end of the etude from the section you did your reps with. Take enough rest throughout so that you stay relatively fresh. As your run-throughs get longer and longer, insert some short rests if you feel yourself getting tight. This routine will toughen your mind, and once you get the hang of it you will never again need a week to learn an etude.

Note that the Clarke Studies cycle every eight days, the Schlossberg every three days, and Arban every 14 days. So while you are relearning and reaffirming your fundamentals every day, each day is also different.

If you are involved with a heavy performing schedule, do not try to practice hard. You can only improve your playing when you have time to recover properly. I believe that the Clarke studies are very beneficial even when doing a high volume of rehearsals and concerts, but you may want to save the Schlossberg and Arban for lighter days. Only experience will teach you, and we are all different in some ways from each other. But this principle is true for all of us: improving and getting stronger requires that we all work very hard, and rest adequately. One without the other does not work.

Assuming that you can practice fairly consistently, after one month you will have gone through the Clarke studies 3 or 4 times, the Schlossberg drills 9 or 10 times, and the Arban etudes twice or so. At this point I like to make a few changes.

Keep your Clarke routine the same. It may be hard to imagine, but many prominent trumpeters have made a point of doing the Clarke studies for years. Keep in mind the old adage “form follows function” – if, on a daily basis, you establish a very efficient, relaxed approach to playing the trumpet, you will eventually become a trumpeter that can, on a daily basis, play the trumpet in a relaxed, smooth, and expressive manner.

We’ll now change our routine a bit.
After Clarke, alternate days of Arban and Sachse 100 Etudes. On your Arban day, keep working on the 14 Characteristic Etudes, one a day. Try this: do the last third or so a couple of times, the middle third twice, and the same with the first third. Rest at least five minutes, and try to play all the way through. With Sachse, start with No. 1, and do it in every transposition you can, including ones that might not be indicated. After this month of practice, you should be through about 15 of them. I recommend setting a goal of eventually doing all 100, in every key possible, which will take about two years. (As a student, I needed more than three, because I found it very hard to keep working on these when I was sounding so bad. After I was about halfway through the etudes, I started seeing real results, and was much more motivated to continue.) Transposition needs to eventually be as automatic as possible and the trumpeter that relies on formulas will be easily rattled under pressure. Formulas are necessary to help us learn how to transpose, but if you are serious you will want to progress to the point where you do not have to rely on them. The only way to make transposition nearly automatic is through learning a large volume of material over a fairly long time, which the Sachse book is made for. Many other benefits will be evident, if you persist on these etudes in every key possible. Mix up your approach – one day, start at the lowest key and work up by half steps. Another day, do the reverse. You can also start in the middle, and progress in half steps, alternating going up and going down, so you radiate outward from the middle.
After your etude work, rest awhile. At this point we’ll alternate our Schlossberg work with a book like Charles Colin Lip Flexibilities. You should by now have a good command of the Schlossberg exercises, and can start to perform them with more intensity (wider dynamic contrasts, more variety in styles of articulation). When these exercises a played really well, they can sound like very dramatic orchestral excerpts. On alternate days, do this routine from the Charles Colin book – No. 3, No. 9, No. 21, and pages 35 & 36. If your high D is coming out with ease, move on to the next level, but stick to about five exercises. Remember that these are primarily tongue level exercises, and must be performed with a dynamic, powerful air stream in order to realize the benefits. Rest at least as long as you play.

The reason we have switched the order is to make our practice routine a bit more in line with what sport medicine research has taught us about how to improve and get stronger. Begin by connecting with your body on a relaxed easy level, then move on to skill practice, and end by working on our power and strength.

Here are a few other ideas for summer practice
1) Pick one or two of our most challenging excerpts, and really work toward mastering them. Two that most trumpeters will have to contend with many times are the Ballerina’s Dance from Petroushka and the Ravel Piano Concerto. Since they present some of the same problems, this approach will work well for both. Do 20 reps of either excerpt at a session, like this – 5 times at Quarter = 96. 5 times at Quarter = 108. 5 times at Quarter = 126 (this will not really be possible for most players, but hang in there and do your best). And then 5 times at Quarter = 108-116 (this is a common performance tempo and will feel relatively easy after what you have just gone through!). If you devote a month or two to each excerpt this way, you develop the skill and reflexive memory that will allow you to quickly reclaim these solos whenever you have to play them in the future.

2) Find a recording of an improvised solo that you really like, and memorize it – not just temporarily, but so you can play it for anybody, anytime. If your approach is based on bebop, try learning a couple of Louis Armstrong’s solos, like West End Blues or Weather Bird. Or go the other direction, something more modern, like Woody Shaw, Booker Little, or Lester Bowie. Try something from another instrument, some Lester Young, or maybe Sonny Rollins. But find something you can really learn and play – many of the great innovators, such as Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, could play many solos by their favorite players, such as Lester Young or Roy Eldridge, by memory.
Memorization is not a special virtue in itself, but being able to play music by memory, whether a transcription of a great improvisation or a favorite etude, allows us to practice in a very productive way. When we can play without constantly looking at a page of written music, we often hear ourselves better and can really connect with our playing, both consciously and subconsciously. The method described earlier of learning the Arban etudes (working from the back to the front) is a very effective way to memorize music. When you get in the habit of doing some of your practice in this way, you will find that you will temporarily memorize whatever music you are working on.

3) If you are planning a recital in the coming year, begin working on deciding the repertoire and get some real time in on playing through it, making a special point to isolate and master the hardest parts.

Finally, if you are lucky enough to find yourself around some really fine musicians, play for them – especially if they are not trumpeters. Ask them to criticize you as hard as they can. Write down what they say, so you can think about it. What they say might not make a lot of sense at first, but you may find yourself eventually learning things that will surprise you.

Chris Gekker

Efficient Embouchures

Efficiency is the key to great brass playing.

Mathias Hoffs
I believe voice may be the most difficult instrument to teach as everything important happens internally and therefore cannot be observed. The other end of the spectrum could be piano or stringed instruments: difficult to play, yet everything, or nearly everything, important to basic technique can be observed. Performing on brass instruments is closer to the singing end of the spectrum: valve and slide technique, while important and visible, are not the crux of the matter.

One may observe great embouchures in action by watching the German Brass. Their videographer tends toward closeups that offer the opportunity to observe virtuoso performing in detail. The most startling aspect is the appearance that the performers seem to be doing nothing whatsoever: their embouchures seem immobile and mostly relaxed. The piccolo trumpet playing of Mathias Höffs is especially impressive. His playing seems effortless because one does not see any embouchure motion. He uses firm, frowning corners that never move to set an efficient aperture: all of the work is in the internal tongue dance.

These two videos of transcriptions of works by Bach are especially good examples of efficient embouchures in action:
Bach BWV 972 after Vivaldi Violin Concerto RV 230
Bach Toccata and Fugue in C major BWV564 Adagio

Sarah Willis
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology offers new ways of viewing internal activity. The video of Sarah Willis playing french horn while being observed via MRI scanning is some of the best 'internal' observation yet recorded--the importance of the tonguing for changing pitches cannot be overstated. Watching her tongue ascend until it appears tp be pressed against the roof of her mouth explains the secret of achieving the highest pitches.

Because the technique is mostly internal, great brass playing appears easy, almost magical. Brass playing is not literally effortless, but, an efficient embouchure can make it seem so. Firm, stable corners, with a slight frown and a flat chin are the hallmarks of an efficient embouchure. Exercises that help create such stable embouchures include free buzzing, mouthpiece buzzing, pitch bends, breath attacks and pedal tones. Special Studies by John Daniels offers a good approach to many of these techniques.

Congratulations to Eliza Block

Eliza spent the summer as one of two library interns at Tanglewood before starting a masters at New England Conservatory in jazz trumpet. Congrats!

Congratulations to Anson Martin

Congratulations to Anson for winning the 2018 Commencement Bay Regional Solo and Ensemble Competition of the WMEA.